Click here to read more about FLO’s mandate:
http://fairtrade.ca/en/products/cocoa (about chocolate)
- The minimum guaranteed price is paid directly to the producer co-op. The minimum floor price is currently US$2000/metric ton (MT) for conventional cocoa beans and US$2300/MT for organic cocoa beans. When the world market price exceeds Fair Trade, the market price plus the premium is paid to producers.
- A Fairtrade premium of US$200/MT is included in the purchase price. It is used by cooperatives for social and economic investments such as education, health services, processing equipment, and loans to members.
- Environmental standards restrict the use of agrochemicals and encourage sustainability.
- Pre-harvest lines of credit, of up to 60% of the purchase price, are given to cooperatives if requested.
- No forced labour of any kind, including child labour, is permitted.
If you want to learn more about the physical and financial perils of cacao farming and the free trade movement, then I suggest watching a documentary that was recently aired on TVO (TV Ontario) called Semisweet: Life in Chocolate. It was a real eye-opener.
The above link takes you to TVO’s website, which contains more information on this documentary, as well as a link to the “Choco-locate” app. This app helps you track down chocolate by your preferences. You can review and rate the chocolate you love to eat. It also reveals more about the stories of the people and places chronicled in the documentary: fair trade chocolatiers in Northern Canada, the massive Hershey operation in Pennsylvania, farmers and child labourers on plantations in West Africa and a chocolatier in Paris, France.
“Semisweet: Life in Chocolate takes us from the hyper commercial world of Hershey to the frozen lakes of Northern Canada, from the busy streets of Paris to the heat of the forests of West Africa as we follow the unique journeys of people whose lives have been transformed by chocolate.”